The Trophic Status and Fish Potential Yield of Ayamaru Lake in West Papua, Indonesia

Taufiq Hidayah, Marson Marson, Dina Muthmainnah, Ni komang Suryati


Ayamaru lake is a shallow lake located in the Maybrat district, West Papua which has a significant role in supporting the water supply, transportation, tourism, fisheries, and transit area for the migratory bird. The data and information of the trophic status and the fish potential yield in this lake should be understood before making any decisions for effective resource management to enhance fish production. The study was conducted in March and July 2019 in five sampling sites of Ayamaru lake, West Papua. Three water quality parameters were sampled for this study namely transparency, chlorophyll-a, and total phosphate. Moreover, these three parameters were used to calculate the Trophic State Index (TSI) and Fish Potential Yield. The result showed that based on the TSI value, the Ayamaru lake was categorized as a mesotrophic lake supported by its clear water. This waterbody has a fish potential yield of 56.33 kg/ha/year or 55.2 ton/year.


Trophic status, Fish Potential Yield, Ayamaru, West Papua

Full Text:




A. Roy and K. Pramanick, “Analysing progress of sustainable development goal 6 in India: Past, present, and future,” J. Environ. Manage., vol. 232, no. July 2020, pp. 1049–1065, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.11.060.

Bappenas, “Rakor_Penyelamatan_Danau_Prioritas_Nasional_1,” Menteri Bambang sebut penyelamatan 15 danau prioritas bagian dari wujudkan sdgs, 2019.

M. Boeseman, “Notes on the fishes of Western New Guinea,” Zool. Medelingen, Rijks Museum van Nat. Hist. te Leiden, 23 221-242, vol. 23, no. 14, pp. 221–242, 1963.

F. Salas, H. Teixeira, C. Marcos, J. C. Marques, and A. Pérez-Ruzafa, “Applicability of the trophic index TRIX in two transitional ecosystems: The Mar Menor lagoon (Spain) and the Mondego estuary (Portugal),” ICES J. Mar. Sci., vol. 65, no. 8, pp. 1442–1448, 2008, doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsn123.

E. E. Agency, “Eutrophication in Europe’s coastal waters, topic report #7/2001,” Atlantic, p. 86 pp., 2001, [Online]. Available:

M. A. Plan and M. E. D. Pol, “Approaches To the Assessment of Eutrophication in Mediterranean Coastal,” no. December, pp. 12–14, 2007.

J. A. Downing and E. McCauley, “The nitrogen : phosphorus relationship in lakes,” Limnol. Oceanogr., vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 936–945, 1992, doi: 10.4319/lo.1992.37.5.0936.

J. N. Druon, W. Schrimpf, S. Dobricic, and A. Stips, “Comparative assessment of large-scale marine eutrophication: North Sea area and Adriatic Sea as case studies,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., vol. 272, no. May 2014, pp. 1–23, 2004, doi: 10.3354/meps272001.

D. G. F. Cunha, M. do C. Calijuri, and M. C. Lamparelli, “A trophic state index for tropical/subtropical reservoirs (TSItsr),” Ecol. Eng., vol. 60, pp. 126–134, Nov. 2013, doi: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2013.07.058.

Z. Hu et al., “Uniformisation of phytoplankton chlorophyll a and macrophyte biomass to characterise the potential trophic state of shallow lakes,” Ecol. Indic., vol. 37, no. PART A, pp. 1–9, Feb. 2014, doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2013.10.007.

S. S. De Silva and S. Funge-Smith, “A review of stock enhancement practices in the inland water fisheries of Asia,” Asiapacific Fish. Comm., p. 93, 2005.

L. C. Gomes, L. E. Miranda, and A. A. Agostinho, “Fishery yield relative to chlorophyll a in reservoirs of the Upper Paraná River, Brazil,” Fish. Res., vol. 55, no. 1–3, pp. 335–340, 2002, doi: 10.1016/S0165-7836(01)00278-8.

APHA, Standard Methods For the Examination of Water and Wastewater 23rd edition, 23rd editi. APHA, 2017.

Badan Standardisasi Nasional, “Air dan Air Limbah – Bagian 31 : Cara Uji Kadar Fosfat dengan Spektrofotometer Secara Asam Askorbat,” Sni 06-6989.31, pp. 1–10, 2005.

S. S. De Silva, J. Moreau, U. S. Amarasinghe, T. Chookajorn, and R. D. Guerrero, “A comparative assessment of the fisheries in lacustrine inland waters in three Asian countries based on catch and effort data,” Fish. Res., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 177–189, Apr. 1991, doi: 10.1016/0165-7836(91)90107-Q.

A. G. D. Prasad, “Carlson ’ s Trophic State Index for the assessment of trophic status of two Lakes in Mandya district,” vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 2992–2996, 2012.

T. Chrismadha, Lukman, and M. Fakhrudin, “Lingkungan Perairan Danau Ayamaru, Papua Barat,” Pros. Semin. Nas. Limnol. VII, pp. 317–318, 2014.

A. Thomas, R., Meybek, M., and Beim, Water Quality Assessments - A Guide to Use of Biota, Sediments and Water in Environmental Monitoring - Second Edition, Second edi. London: E & FN Spon, 1996.

T. Hidayah, M. Ali, N. K. Suryati, and D. Muthmainnah, “Fish Diversity and Water Quality of Ayamaru Lake , West Papua,” Sriwij. J.Environ, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1–7, 2021, [Online]. Available:

R. Quirós, “Trophic cascade effects in a continuous series of temperate-subtropical water-bodies,” SIL Proceedings, 1922-2010, vol. 26, no. 5. pp. 2315–2319, 1998, doi: 10.1080/03680770.1995.11901162.

P. . Wijaya, D., Samuel, Pongmasak, “Kajian Kualitas Air dan Potensi Produksi Sumber Daya Ikan di Danau Towuti Sulawesi Selatan,” Widya Ris. Perikan. Tangkap, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 291–297, 2009.

Samuel and Subagdja, “Karakteristik Habitat Dan Biologi Ikan Mujaer (Oreochromis mossambicus) di Danau Ranau, Sumatera Selatan,” Widya Ris. Perikan. Tangkap, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 277–286, 2011.

E. . Kartamihardja, K. Purnomo, and Z. Fahmi, “Struktur Komunitas Dan Biomassa Stok Ikan di Danau Sembuluh dan Papudak, Kalimantan Tengah,” J. Penelit. Perikan. Indones., vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 285–291, 2011.

A. Warsa and K. Purnomo, “Potensi produksi ikan dan status perikanan di waduk malahayu, kabupaten brebes jawa tengah,” J. Lit. Perikan. Ind., no. 1, pp. 229–237, 2011.

A. D. Utomo, M. R. Ridho, D. DA Putranto, and E. Saleh, “Keanekaragaman Plankton dan Tingkat Kesuburan Perairan Di Waduk Gajah Mungkur,” BAWAL Widya Ris. Perikan. Tangkap, vol. 3, no. 6, p. 415, 2017, doi: 10.15578/bawal.3.6.2011.415-422.

S. N. Aida and A. D. Utomo, “Tingkat Kesuburan Perairan Waduk Kedung Ombo Di Jawa Tengah,” Bawal Widya Ris. Perikan. Tangkap, vol. 4, no. 308, pp. 59–66, 2012, doi:

S. Samuel, Makmur and D. Petrus Rani Pong Masak, “Trophic State and Estimation of Fish Production Potential in the Tempe Lake Waters, South Sulawesi,” BAWAL Widya Ris. Perikan. Tangkap, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 121–129, 2012, [Online]. Available:

S. Sulastri, D. I. Hartoto, and I. Yuniarti, “Environmental Conditon, Fish Resources and Management of Maninjau Lake of West Sumatera,” Indones. Fish. Res. J., vol. 18, no. 1, p. 1, 2012, doi: 10.15578/ifrj.18.1.2012.1-12.

K. Purnomo, A. Warsa, and E. S. Kartamihardja, “Carrying Capacity and Potential Fish Yield of Sempor Reservoir At Kebumen Regency-Central Java Province,” J. Penelit. Perikan. Indones., vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 203–212, 2013.

Samuel and N. Suryati, “Variasi Kualitas Air dan Estimasi Potensi Produksi Perairan Danau Batur,Prov Bali,” J. Penelit. Perikan. Indones., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 89–96, 2014.

N. Zulfia and Aisyah, “Status Trofik Perairan Rawa Pening Ditinjau Dari Kandungan unsur hara (No3 dan PO4) serta klorofil-a,” Bawal Widya Ris. Perikan. Tangkap, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 189–199, 2013, doi:

Samuel, N. Suryati, and V. Adiansya, “Karakteristik Perairan dan Potensi Produksi Ikan Di Danau Lindu Sulawesi Tengah,” Prosiding Seminar Nasional Tahunan XI Hasil Penelitian Perikanan dan Kelautan Universitas Gadjah Mada. pp. 143–152, 2014.

Samuel, N. Suryati, and A. V, “Limonoligical Condition and Estimation of Potential Fish Production of Kerinci Lake, Jambi,” Indones. Fish. Res. J., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 9–18, 2015.

Samuel and V. Adiansyah, “Kualitas Air, Status Tropik dan Potenasi Produksi Ikan di Danau Diatas, Sumatera Barat.pdf,” J. Penelit. Perikan. Indones., pp. 83–94, 2016.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Sriwijaya Journal of Environment