Fish Diversity and Water Quality of Ayamaru Lake, West Papua

Taufiq Hidayah, Marson Marson, Muhammad Ali, Ni Komang Suryati, Dina Muthmainnah


Ayamaru lake is one of the lakes in West Papua categorized as karst lake. It is endowed with fish diversity in various ornamental fish and consumption fish with high economic value. Recently, a number of floating net cages is set up, and before causing serious damage, management for keeping the sustainability of fish resources, especially the endemic species, needs to be proposed.  This paper would contribute information on fish diversity and the water quality of Ayamaru Lake. The study was conducted in March, July, and November 2019 at Ayamaru Lake, Maybrat Regency, West Papua Province. The data were collected by conducting direct survey, interviewing the fishers, and the related institution, as well as searching the previous studies. Fish and water samples were taken from five stations. The results showed that 15 freshwater fishes were identified. The capture fisheries were practiced using the environment-friendly fishing gears. The water quality was still quite useful to support fish life. To reduce the threat to the presence of endemic fish in the lake, it needs to regulate the release of introduced species by the community, and control the escaped fish from the culture area.


Ayamaru Lake, fish diversity, waters quality, West Papua

Full Text:



Ministry of Environment of Republic Indonesia. 2014. Indonesian Lake Management: The Indonesian Movement for Lakes Ecosystem Conservation and Rehabilitation. Ministry of Environment Press. Jakarta. 31pp.

Muthmainnah, D., Makmur, S., Rais, A.H., Sawestri, S., Supriyadi, F., Fatah, K. 2019. The Features of Inland Fisheries in Southeast Asia. Editor: Wiadnyana, N.N., Adrianto, L., Sulit, V.T., Wibowo, A. IPB Press. Bogor.

Kartamihardja ES., Purnomo K., Umar, C. 2009. Sumber daya ikan perairan umum daratan di Indonesia-terabaikan. Jurnal Kebijakan Perikanan Indonesia 1 (1): 1-15.

Chrismadha, T., Lukman, Fakhrudin, M. 2014. Lingkungan Perairan Danau Ayamaru, Papua Barat. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Limnologi VII. p608-626.

Nugraha, M. F. I, Pouyaud, L., Carman, O., Widyastuti, U., Zairin Junior, M., Kadarusman, Avarre, J. C. 2015. Genetic diversity of Boeseman´s Rainbowfish (Melanotaenia boesemani) reared in Indonesian farms compared to endangered natural populations. Tropical Conservation Science Vol. 8 (3): 796-812. Available online:

Kottelat, M., Whitten, A.J., Kartikasari, S.N., Wirjoatmojo, S. 1993. Freshwater Fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Edition-EMDI Project. Jakarta.

Cooper, R.A. Weekes, A.J. 1983. Data Models Statistical Analysis. Barnes and Noble Books. New Jersey. p364.

APHA. 1981. Standart Method for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 15thEdition. Washington DC: American Public Health Association. 1134 p.

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 2017. Cherax boesemani (a crayfish, no common name). Ecological Risk Screening Summary. Revised Edition. ANS/erss/uncertainrisk/ ERSS_Cherax_boesemani_final_December_2017.pdf

Lukhaup, C., Pekny, R. 2008. Cherax (Astaconephrops) boesemani, a new species of crayfish (Crustacea: Decapoda: Parastacidae) from the centre of the Vogelkop Peninsula in Irian Jaya (West New Guinea), Indonesia. Zoologische Mededelingen Leiden 82:331- 340.

Halls, AS., Johns, M. 2013. Assessment of the vulnerability of the Mekong Delta Pangasius catfish industry to development and climate change in the Lower Mekong Basin. Report prepared for the Sustainable Fisheries Partnership, January 2013, 95pp.

Dina, R., Harsono, E., Wahyudewantoro, G., Lukman, Kurniawan, R., Waluyo, A., Sudarso, J., Widoretno, M.R. 2020. Distribusi Ikan pada Wilayah Genangan. Oseanologi dan Limnologi di Indonesia 2020 5(3):183-197.

Samuel, Suryati, N.K., Muthmainnah, D., Sawestri, S., Fachmi, M. 2016. Kerinci Lake: Utilization Status and Its Management Option. AMaFRaD Press. 2016. ISBN 978-602-8380-0-2. In Indonesian.

Sulistyorini, I.S., Edwin, M., Arung, A.S. 2016. Quality Analisys of Springs in Karangan and Kaliorang Districts, East Kutai. Jurnal Hutan Tropis Volume 4 No. 1 ISSN 2337-7771. E-ISSN 2337-7992. In Indonesian.

Boyd, C.E. 1979. Water Quality in Warmwater Fishponds. Auburn University, Department of Fisheries and Applied Aquaculture. First Edition, Alabama USA. 359p.

Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia. 2017. Regulation of Minister of Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia No 32/2017: Environmental Health Quality Standards.

Lokoel, P.E. 2014. There is no time left. Climate change, environmental threats and human rights in Turkana Country, Kenya [online]. Available at

Hamza, W. 2014. The Nile fishes and fisheries. In O. Grillo, ed. Biodiversity –the dynamic balance of the planet. Intech.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Sriwijaya Journal of Environment