Diversity of Soil Inhabiting Arthropods in Intercropping of Chili and Chinese Mustard Green Applied With Bacillus thuringiensis Based Bio-Insecticides and Synthetic Insecticides Treatment

Fitri Sunarsih, Yulia Pujiastuti, Mulawarman Mulawarman

Abstract


Bio-insecticide is one of alternative ways in controlling plant pests with many advantages compared to synthetic insecticides, especially in environmental aspects. Bacillus thuringiensis is a microbial agent which most widely used as bio-insecticide to control insect pests belongs to Filum Arthropods. Biodiversity of arthropods in intercropping plants with application of B. Thuringiensis based bio-insecticide was investigated. Chili and mustard chinese green intercropped in which chili was one season and the other was two seasons. B. thuringiensis-based bio-insecticide and chemical insecticide were applicated on those plants. Sampling of arthropods were conducted by pitfall trap and yellow pan trap The result showed relative abundance of arthropods was higher in Bt B. Thuringiensis-based bio-insecticide treatments compared with chemical one. Dominance Index of second season was higher than in first season. Index of evenness resulted no difference (E < 0.5) between first season and second season shows that population level of each species was not different.

Keywords


Arthropods, biodiversity, bio-insecticide, Bacillus thuringiensis

Full Text:

FULL TEXT PDF

References


S. Ben Khedher, A. Kamoun, S. Jaoua, and N. Zouari, "Improvement of Bacillus thuringiensis bioinsecticide production by sporeless and sporulating strains using response surface methodology," N Biotechnol, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 705-12, Oct 2011.

C. L. Salaki and S. Dumalang, "Pengendalian hama terpadu (PHT) pada tanaman sayuran di Kota Tomohon Sulawesi Utara," Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement, vol. 2(2), pp. 246-255, 2017.

R. Singh, "Microbial Biotechnology: A Promising Implement for Sustainable Agriculture," pp. 107-114, 2019.

M. Saritha and N. V. K. V. Prasad Tollamadugu, "The Status of Research and Application of Biofertilizers and Biopesticides: Global Scenario," pp. 195-207, 2019.

C. L. Salaki and L. Sembiring, "Prospek pemanfaatan bakteri entomopatogenik sebagai agensia pengedalian hayati serangga hama," in Prosiding Seminar Nasional Penelitian, Pendidikan dan Penerapan MIPA, Fakultas MIPA, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2009, pp. B21-B27.

D. J. C. A. Borror, Triplehorn, and N. F. Johnson, Pengenalan Pelajaran Serangga. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press, 1997.

M. Basna, R. Koneri, and A. Papu, "Distribusi dan diversitas serangga tanah di taman hutan raya Gunung Tumpa Sulawesi Utara," Jurnal MIPA Unsrat, vol. 6(1), pp. 36-42, 2017.

E. J. P. Marshall, V. K. Brown, N. D. Boatman, P. J. W. Lutman, G. R. Squire, and L. K. Ward, "The role of wiids in supporting biological diversity within crop fields," Weeds Res, vol. 43(2), pp. 77-89, 2003.

A. E. Lenardis, C. M. Morvillo, A. Gil, and E. B. de la Fuente, "Arthropod communities related to different mixtures of oil (Glycine max L. Merr.) and essential oil (Artemisia annua L.) crops," Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 1340-1347, 2011.

N. M. Suin, Ekologi Hewan Tanah. Bumi Aksara & Pusat Antar Universitas Ilmu Hayati: Jakarta, 2012.

Y. R. Fitriana, "Keanekaragaman dan kemelimpahan makrozoobentos di hutan mangrove hasil rehabilitasi taman Hutan Raya Ngurah Rai Bali," Biodiversitas, vol. 7(1), 2003.

E. P. Odum, Fundamentals of Ecology. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders CO., 1971.

M. Sirait, F. Rahmatia, and P. Pattulloh, "Komparasi indeks keanekaragaman dan indeks dominansi fitoplankton di Sungai Ciliwung Jakarta," Jurnal Kelautan: Indonesian Journal of Marine Science and Technology, vol. 11(1), pp. 75-79, 2018.

A. C. Annam and N. Khasanah, "Keanekaragaman arthropoda pada pertanaman kubis (Brassica oleracea L.) yang diaplikasikan insektisida kimia dan nabati," J. Agrotekbis, vol. 5(3), pp. 308-314, 2017.

O. Soemarwoto, Ekologi Lingkungan Hidup dan Pembangunan. Jakarta: Djambatan, 1994.

D. T. Tambunan, D. Bakti, and F. Zahara, "Keanekaragaman arthropoda pada tanaman jagung transgenik," Jurnal Online Agroekoteknologi, vol. 1(3), pp. 744-758, 2013.

Arief, Hutan dan Kehutanan. Jakarta: Kanisius, 2001.

Husamah, A. Rahardjanto, and A. M. Hudha, Ekologi Hewan Tanah. Malang: UMM Press, 2017.

W. W. Judd, "Studies of the Byron Bog in southwestern Ontario. XVIII. Distribution of harvestman and spiders in the bog.," Nat Mus Can Natur Hist, vol. Pap.28, pp. 1-12, 1965.

K. Samiayyan, "Spiders – The Generalist Super Predators in Agro-Ecosystems," pp. 283-310, 2014.

M. J. Jeffries and J. H. Lawton, "Enemy free space and structure of ecological communities," J. Ecol. Entomol, vol. 21, pp. 213-217, 1984.

W. J. Gertsch, American Spiders. New Jersey: D. Van Nostrand Co, 1949.

D. N. Diputra, "Keanekaragaman arthropoda pada eksosistem pertanaman bawang merah (Allium ascolonicum L.) dengan aplikasi dan tanpa aplikasi insektisida.," Skripis. Universitas Tadulako. Palu, pp. 1-11, 2012.

F. Sunariah, S. Herlinda, C. Irsan, and Y. Windusari, "Kelimpahan dan kekayaan arhtropoda predator tanaman padi yang diaplikasikan bioinsektisida Bacillus thuringiensis," J. HPT Tropika, vol. 16(1), pp. 42-50, 2016.

M. Chen et al., "Field assessment of the effect ot transgenic rice expressing a fused gene of cry1Ab and cry1Ac from Bacillus thuringiensis berliner on nontarget planthopper and leafhopper population," Environ. Entomol, vol. 35(1), pp. 127-134, 2006.

Y. Pujiastuti, A. arsi, and S. Sandi, "Characteristics of Bacillus thuringiensis isolates indigenous soil of South Sumatra (Indonesia) and their pathogencity against oil palm pests Oryctes rhinoceros (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)," Biodiversitas, vol. 21(4), pp. 1287-1294, 2020.

Yaherwandi, "Struktur komunitas hymenoptera parasitoid pada berbgai lanskap pertanian di Sumatera Barat," J. Entomol. Indon, vol. 6(1), pp. 1-14, 2009.

D. A. Landis, S. D. Wratten, and G. M. Gurr, "Habitat management to conserve natural enemies of arthropod pests in agriculture," Annu Rev Entomol, vol. 45, pp. 175-201, 2000.

T. I. Muhibah and A. S. Leksono, "Ketertarikan arthropoda terhadap blok refugia (Ageratum conyzoide L., Capsicum frutescens L., dan Tagetes erecta L.) dengan aplikasi pupuk organik cair dan biopestisida di perkebunan apel Desa Poncokusumo," Jurnal Biotropika, vol. 3(3), no. 123-127, 2015.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


AUTHOR GUIDELINE

SUBMISSION LETTER