Implementation of Social Forestry Policy Around the Meranti Sungai Merah Protection Forest Area

Heripan Heripan, Ridhah Taqwa, Dwi Putro Priadi, Noril Milantara, Jun Harbi

Abstract


One of the concrete efforts made by the Indonesian government is through social forestry policy as a trigger for land conflicts. One area that has implemented a pattern of social forestry is a forest area located in the management area of the Regional Technical Implementation Unit(UPTD) KPHRegion I Meranti located in Musi Banyuasin Regency. Only 3 social forestry scheme permits have been issued. So the aims of this study was to find out and analyze the process of implementing social forestry policy and analyze the factors that influence. The study was conducted in Pangkalan Bulian and Lubuk Bintialo Villages, Batang Hari Leko District, Musi Banyuasin Regency, South Sumatra Province. Used descriptive method combined (mixed methods) from two different approaches namely quantitative or qualitative approaches. Funding and staff resources (human resources) are still lacking. The process of collective action between actors is running well with the existence of a committed PPS Working Group. Technical rules are clear with the existence of SOPs that are derived from the rules of government and local government.Communication goes well between communities (Forest farmer groups and cooperative members) - local government and facilitators, but not so well between government structures (village heads and apparatus and local government.The Social forestry policy in Musi Banyuasin District, South Sumatra has been effectively implemented from the perspective of policy accuracy in resolving forestry problems and environmental accuracy in accepting policies.

Keywords


social forestry, protected forest, lubuk bintialo, pangkalan bulian

Full Text:

FULL TEXT PDF

References


C. Davis and R. Petersen, Tools for Monitoring Global Deforestation. Elsevier Inc., 2018.

MEF [Ministry of Environment and Forestry Indonesia], The state of Indonesia’s forests 2018. Jakarta, 2018.

R. Tsujino, T. Yumoto, S. Kitamura, I. Djamaluddin, and D. Darnaedi, “History of forest loss and degradation in Indonesia,” Land use policy, vol. 57, pp. 335–347, 2016.

S. A. Abood, J. S. H. Lee, Z. Burivalova, J. Garcia-Ulloa, and L. P. Koh, “Relative Contributions of the Logging, Fiber, Oil Palm, and Mining Industries to Forest Loss in Indonesia,” Conserv. Lett., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 58–67, 2015.

MEF [Ministry of Environment and Forestry Indonesia], STATISTIK LINGKUNGAN HIDUP DAN KEHUTANAN TAHUN 2016. Jakarta, 2017.

MEF [Ministry of Environment and Forestry Indonesia], STATISTIK LINGKUNGAN HIDUP DAN KEHUTANAN TAHUN 2017. Jakarta: Ministry of Environment and Forestry Indonesia, 2018.

C. Yamamoto, C. Ishimura, C. Shigetomi, and C. Chobe, “Forest change and agricultural productivity: Evidence from Indonesia,” World Dev., vol. 114, pp. 196–207, 2019.

C. Kubitza, V. V. Krishna, K. Urban, Z. Alamsyah, and M. Qaim, “Land Property Rights, Agricultural Intensification, and Deforestation in Indonesia,” Ecol. Econ., vol. 147, no. February, pp. 312–321, 2018.

A. Susanti and A. Maryudi, “Development narratives, notions of forest crisis, and boom of oil palm plantations in Indonesia,” For. Policy Econ., vol. 73, pp. 130–139, 2016.

H. Varkkey, A. Tyson, and S. A. B. Choiruzzad, “Palm oil intensification and expansion in Indonesia and Malaysia: Environmental and socio-political factors influencing policy,” For. Policy Econ., vol. 92, no. May, pp. 148–159, 2018.

E. N. Setiawan, A. Maryudi, R. H. Purwanto, and G. Lele, “Land Use Policy Opposing interests in the legalization of non-procedural forest conversion to oil palm in Central Kalimantan , Indonesia,” Land use policy, vol. 58, pp. 472–481, 2016.

H. Adnan, H. Berliani, G. Hardiyanto, Suwito, and D. K. Sakti, Pemberdayaan Masyarakat melalui Kemitraan Kehutanan. Panduan. 2015.

L. Giessen and G. Buttoud, “Defining and assessing forest governance,” For. Policy Econ. J., vol. 49, pp. 1–3, 2014.

A. Maryudi et al., “Back to basics : Considerations in evaluating the outcomes of community forestry,” For. Policy Econ., vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 1–5, 2012.

T. Santika et al., “Community forest management in Indonesia: Avoided deforestation in the context of anthropogenic and climate complexities,” Glob. Environ. Chang., vol. 46, no. December 2016, pp. 60–71, 2017.

J. Baynes, J. Herbohn, C. Smith, R. Fisher, and D. Bray, “Key factors which influence the success of community forestry in developing countries,” Glob. Environ. Chang., vol. 35, pp. 226–238, 2015.

Agustini Syofia, A. H. Dharmawan, and E. I. K. Putri, “Bentuk Pengelolaan Hutan Nagari Sungai Buluh Kabupaten Padang Pariaman,” Bhumi, vol. 3, no. November, pp. 267–278, 2017.

I. Santoso, “Indonesian forestry policy and management,” 2012, no. October.

E. Furness, H. Harshaw, and H. Nelson, “Forest Policy and Economics Community forestry in British Columbia : Policy progression and public participation ☆,” For. Policy Econ., vol. 58, pp. 85–91, 2015.

Republik Indonesia, UNDANG-UNDANG REPUBLIK INDONESIA NOMOR 41 TAHUN 1999 TENTANG KEHUTANAN. Indonesia, 1999.

Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup Dan Kehutanan, PermenLHK Nomor P.83/MENLHK/SETJEN/KUM.1/10/2016 Tentang Perhutanan Sosial. 2016.

Rahmina, “Pilihan skema pengelolaan hutan berbasis masyarakat dalam mitigasi perubahan iklim,” 2012.

E. Rosdiana, “Skema-Skema Pemberdayaan,” 2007.

Republik Indonesia, RENCANA PEMBANGUNAN JANGKA MENENGAH NASIONAL 2015-2019. Indonesia, 2019.

Dinas Kehutanan Provinsi Sumatera Selatan, “LAPORAN MONITORING IZIN PERHUTANAN SOSIAL DI WILAYAH UPTD KPH PROVINSI SUMATERA SELATAN,” Palembang, 2018.

J. P. Napitu, A. Hidayat, S. Basuni, and S. Sjaf, “Conflicts of Utilization and Sustainable Production Forest Management n Forest in Management Unit of Meranti South Sumatera,” J. Manaj. Hutan Trop., vol. 23, no. December, 2017.

Zulfikhar, H. Zulkifli, S. Kadir, and I. Iskandar, “The Rapid Changes of the Landscape Structure of the Meranti-Dangku Tropical Lowland Forest in the South Sumatra Province , Indonesia,” Sriwij. J. Environ., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 8–18, 2017.

D. Amalia, J. Sayer, C. Margules, and A. Klintuni, “Forest Policy and Economics Determining the effectiveness of forest landscape governance : A case study from the Sendang landscape , South Sumatra,” For. Policy Econ., vol. 102, no. February 2018, pp. 17–28, 2019.

J. Harbi, J. Thomas, M. Sidiq, and B. Haasler, “Forest Policy and Economics Making a bridge between livelihoods and forest conservation : Lessons from non timber forest products ’ utilization in South Sumatera , INDONESIA,” For. Policy Econ., vol. 94, no. May, pp. 1–10, 2018.

S. Yunardy et al., “Pemetaan Lahan Terdegradasi dan Penentuan Prioritas Areal Rehabilitasi Skala Lansekap di KPHP Meranti, Provinsi Sumatera Selatan,” Palembang, 2017.

J. P. Napitu, A. Hidayat, S. Basuni, and S. Sjaf, “Mekanisme Akses Pada Hak Kepemilikan Di Kesatuan Pengelolaan Hutan Produksi Meranti, Sumatera Selatan,” J. Penelit. Sos. dan Ekon. Kehutan., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 101–118, 2017.

UPTD KPH Wil I Meranti, “Data KTH UPTD KPH Wil I Meranti,” 2018.

F. K. Kalaba, “Forest Policy and Economics Barriers to policy implementation and implications for Zambia ’ s forest ecosystems,” For. Policy Econ., vol. 69, pp. 40–44, 2016.

A. Kusumandari and P. Nugroho, “Land capability analysis based on hydrology and soil characteristics for watershed rehabilitation,” in Procedia Environmental Sciences, 2015, vol. 28, no. The 5th Sustainable Future for Human Security (SustaiN 2014), pp. 142–147.

Republik Indonesia, Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 6 Tahun 2007 Tentang Tata Hutan dan Penyusunan Rencana Pengelolaan Hutan, Serta Pemanfaatan Hutan. 2007, pp. 1–88.

Republik Indonesia, Peraturan Presiden Republik Indonesia Nomor 88 Tahun 2017 Tentang Penyelesaian Penguasaan Tanah dalam Kawasan Hutan, no. Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia nomor 196, 2017. 2017.

S. Ekawati and D. R. Nurrochmat, “HUBUNGAN MODAL SOSIAL DENGAN PEMANFAATAN DAN KELESTARIAN HUTAN LINDUNG,” J. Anal. Kebijak. Kehutan., vol. 11 (1), no. April, pp. 40–53, 2014.

C. Wulandari, P. Budiono, and D. R. Nurrochmat, “KESIAPAN DAERAH DALAM IMPLEMENTASIKAN PROGRAM TENTANG PEMERINTAHAN DAERAH,” Risal. Kebijak. Pertan. dan Lingkung., vol. 3 (2), no. Agustus, pp. 108–116, 2016.

E. Wilujeng, “Implementasi Kebijakan Pengelolaan Hutan Bersama Masyarakat (PHBM) dalam Rangka Pelestarian Hutan Di KPH Blora,” Kebijak. dan Manaj. Publik, vol. 3, no. April, pp. 1–10, 2015.

I. S. Ruhimat, “Impelementasi Kebijakan Kesatuan Pengelolaan Hutan ( KPH ) di Kabupaten Banjar,” J. Anal. Kebijak. Kehutan., vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 169–178, 2010.

E. A. Waluyo, N. A. Ulya, and E. Martin, “Perencanaan sosial dalam rangka pengembangan hutan rakyat di sumatera selatan,” J. Penelit. Hutan dan Konserv. Alam, vol. VII (3), pp. 271–280, 2010.

Dinas Kehutanan Provinsi Sumatera Selatan, “Statistik Dinas Kehutanan Provinsi Sumatera Selatan Tahun 2017,” Palembang, 2018.

Taufiqurrohman, “Implementasi Kebijakan Kehutanan Masyarakat (Studi Kasus Hutan Kemasyarakatan di Dusun Kalibiru, Kulon Progo),” Universitas Gajah Mada, 2014.

M. A. K. Sahide et al., Kajian Dampak Perhutanan Sosial Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan, no. December. Makassar: Fakultas Kehutanan UNHAS, 2018.

L. O. Ifrisal, H. Kartodihardjo, and B. Nugroho, “Implementasi Kebijakan Hutan Tanaman Rakyat di Kabupaten Muna Sulawesi Tenggara,” J. Silvikultur Trop., vol. 07, no. 3, pp. 159–164, 2016.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22135/sje.2019.4.1.42

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.