Treatment of Wastewater from Rubber Industry Using Calcium Carbide Residue Adsorbent and Hybrid Membrane UF – RO

Susi Susanti, Subriyer Nasir, Hermansyah Hermansyah, Agung Mataram


Hybrid UF – RO membrane technology is one of the new technologies of separation wastewater from the rubber industry to decrease turbidity and heavy metal contents such as iron and zinc. This technology is being used to replace the conventional installation process of wastewater treatment. Processing wastewater treatment from the rubber industry with the hybrid UF – RO membrane can produce permeate with quality standards, making it possible to be recycled as domestic water for water process in the industry. The technology of wastewater treatment from the rubber industry in this experiment involved the pre-treatment stage, using sand filter and adsorption using calcium carbide residue. The operating variables by flow rate into the UF and RO were 7 and 14 L.Min-1 and operation time were 15 to 90 minutes. The results of this study showed that the percentage reduced were 62.73% for turbidity, 83.28% for iron and 88.89% for zinc, respectively. Finally, it can be concluded that calcium carbide residue was potential to reduced turbidity and heavy metals such as iron and zinc from rubber industry wastewater.


Calcium Carbide Residue, Hybrid Membrane UF – RO, Rubber Industry, Sand Filter

Full Text:



Association of Natural Rubber Producing Countries. 2010. pp. 19-20. Area. Planted during each year in ANRPC Member Countries. Vol. 1, No. 9.

K. Vijayaraghavan. “Electrolytic treatment of Standard Malaysian Rubber process wastewater.” Journal of Hazard Mater, 2008, vol. 150, pp. 351-356.

I.O. Asia and E.E. Akporhonor. “Characterization and physicochemical treatment of wastewater from rubber processing factory.” Int. J. Phys. Sci., 2007, vol. 2, pp. 61-67.

H. I. Atagana. “Bacteria associated with degradation of wastes from rubber processing industry.” Environ. Monit. Assess., 1999, vol. 59, pp. 145-154.

A. Salahi, T. Mohammadi, A. Rahmat Pour and F. Rekabdar. “A hybrid microfiltration / ultrafiltration membrane process for treatment of oily wastewater.” Desalination Water Treatment, Vol. 6 (2009), pp. 289–298.

Lofrano, Giusy, Maurizio Carotenuto, dan Giovanni Libralato. 2016. Polymer functionalized nanocomposites for metals removal from water and wastewater: An overview.

K. Yan and K. Zhou. “Research on the Utilization of Calcium Carbide Residue.” Environmental Science Survey., 2008–S1.

A. Salahi, R. Badrnezhad, M. Abbasi, T. Mohammadi, and F. Rekabdar. “Oily Wastewater Treatment Using Ultrafiltration.” Desalin. Water Treat., 2012, vol. 6, pp. 289-298.

S. Malekmohammadi. “Comparison of Silica, Activated Carbon, and Zeolite Adsorbents in The Removal of Ammonium, Iron, COD, Turbidity and Phosphate Pollutants, and Investigating The Effect of Discharge on The Removal of Pollutants”. International Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies, ISSN: 2356 – 5926 (2016).

Wenfeng. “Adsorptive Desulfurization of Diesel Oil by Alkynyl Carbon Materials Derived From Calcium Carbide and Polyhydrocarbons.” EnergyFuels, DOI:10.1021/acs.energyfuels.7b01295 (2017).

X. Yang. “Inter-layer Free Cobalt-Doped Silica Membranes for Pervoration of Ammonia Solutions.” Journal of Membrane Science, S0376 – 7388 (17), Vol. 33, pp. 417-418 (2018).

Metcalf and Eddy. 1991. Wastewater Engineering. Mc Graw Hill, New York.

C.W. Anderson. Turbidity 6.7. in USGS National Field Manual for The Collection of Water Quality Data, US Geological Survey, 2005.

S. Rajindar. 2005. Hybrid Membrane Systems for Water Purification. Technology, System Design and Operation., Elsevier Science, vol. 1st Edition, pp. 384.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Sriwijaya Journal of Environment