Green Technology Contribution in Development of Coolant Wastewater Filtration

Erna Yuliwati

Abstract


The aim of this study  is the contribution of green technology in the sustainable development of oily wastewater from machining process. The cross-flow membranes has been performed for treating wastewater emulsion of oil derived from the automotive industry on the metal cutting section. The  objective of this study is to treat liquid waste from machining process using membrane technology. The mechanism of ultrafiltration process is flow of small molecules pass through pore of membrane. The performance of the cellulose acetate hydrophilic membrane is determined by the permeate and rejection flux. The operation of this two-stage ultrafiltration membrane involves a 12% composite cellulose acetate membrane (CA-12) in phase I and 15% (15%) cellulose acetate membrane (CA-15) in phase II with a 90 minute operating time with pressure of 3.5 bar. Flux of phase I, without pretreatment and with pretreatment are 17,03 L / m2.h and 59,05 L / m2.h respectively. In phase II, the flux of treatment without and with preteeatment are 22.08 L / m2.h and 24.86 L / m2.h , respectively. COD and surfactant rejection for both membrane without pretreatment of 96.57% and 96.35%, whereas for waste feed with COD rejection of 98.56% and surfactant rejection of 97.44 %.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22135/sje.2018.3.2.74-79

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